As a result of the events of September 11, 2001, security officials around the world began an in-depth investigation to understand the methods of groups such as those who brought about this disaster.
The investigation revealed loopholes in the communication and cooperation between the various security and intelligence officials which enabled these terror groups to easily infiltrate into the USA. It also revealed that the conveyance of goods and the logistics required around the world are insufficiently monitored enabling smuggling of drugs and persons as well as terrorist activities.
The US was the first to act and to establish an authority to enforce security measures on the movements of goods and civilians around the globe. The authority was set up under the Homeland Security in cooperation with the Customs Authorities who were, until now, responsible for monitoring the movements of goods in the US. This new authority was named C-TPAT (Customs-Trade Partnership against Terrorism).